Authority: Ente Parco Regionale Migliarino, San Rossore,
Via Aurelia Nord, 4 - Pisa
inner area: 24.000 ha
on: 13th December 1979 (L.R. n.61)
regionale di Migliarino San Rossore Massaciuccoli
covers an area of about 24.000 hectares in the provinces of Pisa and
Lucca. The Park area stretches along the Tyrrheanian coast between
Livorno in the south and Viareggio in the north and reaches the hills of
Monte Quiesa. During the Roman colonization, the territory was
characterized by large maquis and forests of the delta area of the
system Arno-Serchio, rich in tongues of land and lagoons.
the north to the south, the Park consists of coastal forests area of
about 40 km, with a sea sandy shore and large inland marshes - larger in
the past, before been subject to a land reclamation project - including
Massaciuccoli Lake. The flora is particularly interesting for its
richness in arboreal and herbaceous species favored by the special soil
and climatic conditions. The sites closer to the sea are characterized
by the dominating presence of Ilex Trees; however, the landscape is
often characterized by the presence of Pines (Stone and Maritime Pines)
planted by man.
The most peculiar habitat is situated in the wetlands: the so-called lame,
that is marshes situated in the Park inland, where the arboreal
vegetation mainly consists of English Oaks, Ash Trees, Alders, Poplars,
and some rare plants such as the Silk Vine, a creeping plant
which was more widespread in the past.
large peat bogs covered with canebrakes conceal evidences of cold flora
relict of the past, like the Round-leaved Sundew, a very interesting
carnivorous plant which can be rarely found in the Mediterranean area.
These floristic elements derive from the kind of vegetation revealed by
the examination of the pollens found in ancient subfossil peats in
Massaciuccoli: they are the Spruce Fir, the Mugo Pine, the Birch, and
the Waterclover, all northern plants which migrated to the sea level
thousands of years ago, during the last glaciation.
beach, consisting of mainly calcareous sand, is characterized by dunes
and interdunes where several herbaceous species grow: pioneer species
along the shoreline, species building and fixing the sand, and species
living in the back of the dunes. The presence of vertebrates -
representing all classes - represents a remarkable aspect. The innermost
marshes and drainage canals collecting the rain are populated by Pikes,
Eels, and some amphibians like the Crested Newt, the Common European
Frog, the Agile Frog, and the Toad.
avifauna is without a doubt the most representative faunistic group in
the Park. The diversity of environments and their interpenetration give
also the opportunity to observe the avifauna populations of the adjacent
habitats. On the sandy shores, and during the migratory period, you can
sight wonderful Avocets, Greater Flamingos, and Oystercatchers. In the
"lame", thanks to their particular configuration, you can
admire the Stilts. Woodpeckers and Jays live in the adjacent woods.
However, it is in the marshes where it is possible to observe the most
interesting birds of the Park: the very rare Bittern, Black-winged
Stilts, Ospreys - the latter representing an endangered species - and
Marsh Harriers, with the largest nesting colony of the whole Peninsula.
Naturale di Migliarino San Rossore Massaciuccoli, aware
of the role it can play in the promotion of the values of its own area,
is going to open several structures to use as visitor centers.
These centers are situated in the heart of each Park Estate. They aim at
giving visitors detailed information, in order to know better the
protected environments in the Park. At the moment, two out of the 13
planned centers work all year round: the Visitor Center in Tenuta di
San Rossore and the Visitor Center in Tenuta di Coltano. The
latter lies within the premises of the Environmental Education Center
Visitor Center in Tenuta di San Rossore
estate dates back to the 17th century. In the following three centuries
it was subject to several forest, hydraulic, and architectural projects.
The buildings of Cascine Vecchie (restored in the 19th century)
represent one of the Park Centers. In the Visitor Center tourists can
find booklets and brochures about the Park and Tenuta di San Rossore.
A service of guided visits is available, with means of transport and
itineraries varying according to the visitors' needs.
guided visits on foot, by bike, by coach and by train: Visitor Center
San Rossore (loc. Cascine
Vecchie) - Tel. 050/530101 - E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
For guided visits on horseback:
Mr. Fabio Tani, Tel. 330/778623
Visitor Center Villa Medicea in Coltano
Center Villa Medicea in Coltano allows visitors to discover the Park
from a naturalistic, historical, and environmental point of view. It is
part of the services offered by the Environmental Education Center in
In the villa there are halls dedicated to environmental education
activities. Visitors can also find didactic labs, multimedia rooms,
rooms used as museum, meeting and conference halls, and guestrooms.
All initiatives are organized by qualified guides and include different
tours in the Park.
in the Visitor Center in Villa Medicea
Via di Palazzi, 21 - 26100 Coltano (Pisa)
Tel. 050/989084 - Fax 050/989051
Visitor Center La Sterpaia
is situated in Tenuta di San Rossore. The
center has been obtained from the recovery of a 19th century rural
complex. Nowadays it is a multipurpose structure aimed at welcoming
visitors every day. It includes guestrooms, refreshment point, seminar
halls, didactic classrooms, exhibition hall, and an equipped room in the
open air. Booklets and brochures on the Park are available. Tasting and
sale of the Park's typical products. Departure point for tours on
horseback and by coach.
050/523019 - Fax 050/523022 - E-mail: email@example.com
Park Authority feels the responsibility to play its own role within a
pedagogic activity promoting continuous training: knowing what to do and
how to relate to the environment and to others by the consolidation of
values, emotions, and knowledge inspired by this territory. For this
reason, the new environmental education center in Villa Medicea of Tenuta
di Coltano has been created: it represents a laboratory of knowledge
and of interdisciplinary and transversal methods.