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 THE SAN MARTINO QUARTER


The quarter of San Martino (i.e. Saint Martin) on the Lungarno Galilei, is full of  a lot of old palaces, beautiful gardens and an original church, the church of Santo Sepolcro, a Romanic octagonal church of the XII century, built to preserve the relics of the Holy Sepulchre, which had been brought here from Jerusalem.

Inside we have a stone well, to remember the hospital once part of the church and the miracles of  San Ubaldesca.

Between the old palaces we can remember Palazzo Lanfranchi with its big coat of arms, standing for the rich and eminent Pisan family of Lanfranchi.

Another Lungarno of the quarter of San Martino is the Lungarno Fibonacci, from the name of an important Pisan mathematician. Here we find the Fortezza Nuova or Cittadella Nuova, or as everybody call it the Giardino Scotto (i.e. the Scotto Garden) a big green garden inside an old fortification (Fortezza Sangallo) turned into a public garden (in 1930). The name comes from the name of a rich family that acquired the fortification in the end of the XVIII century.The via San Martino is full of Palazzi Signorili (i.e. State Palaces for the Florentine and Pisan Nobility). At the number 108 we have Palazzo Cevoli, where once Federico IV, king of  Denmark and  Norway lived during a visit as guest of the rich Cevoli family. A visit originated not only by political reasons, actually he had met,  seventeen years before a young woman (Maria Maddalena Trenta) of a rich family of Lucca and felt in love with her, but he was a Protestant and she a catholic so they could not marry. As a consequence she decide to became a nun in the nunnery in Florence and he came back to Denmark. When he became a king he decided to come back to Tuscany to see his lover in the nunnery.

On the Palace Cevoli there is a Latin inscription that record that visit and inside we have frescoes about the Danish dynasty.

There is another important palace in the Pisan memory, the Palazzo of the family Tizzoni (i.e. The Tizzoni Palace) with its marmorian high relief representing a young woman, i.e.   Kinzica dei Sismondi, a legendary young woman who protected the city from an attack of the Turk army in the XI century, or  a sarcophagus of a roman matron  probably built during the III or IV century a. C.